Limun’s Japanese Class | What are you doing? – 3/4 こそあど言葉

にほんご : Japanese
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本編 | Main Topic


I am Limun who want to go to travel.
Let’s learn Japanese leisurely.


Well, today you will learn about how to say what is happening now.
Let’s begin.

例文 | Example

(The conversation of Tufaha and Limun)
Tufaha : 今何をしていますか?
Limun : 今記事を書いています。
Tufaha : へえ。それは大変ですね。頑張って!
Limun : 頑張ります(泣)

解説 | Explanation

The third sentence.

We can learn how to give a short answer in Japanese today.

Tufaha said “へえ”. It is like “I see” in English. “へえ” is a casual Japanese so you have to pay attention when you use. Generally between friends, it is used.

There are many ways to say “I see” in Japanese.
I will show you some of them.

The next sentence “それは大変ですね”.

Here is the important Japanese structure I said before.


It means “~ is …”.

And you have to learn this now.

“it” is “それ”
“this” is “これ(それ)”
“that” is “あれ(それ)”
“these” is “これら”
“those” is “あれら”

We often call 「これ, それ, あれ, どれ」, こそあど言葉(kotoba).

I will explain こそあど言葉 in other article.

“それ” has wide meaning.
In this case “それ” indicates whole of the second sentence.

“大変” means like “tough” or “hard”.
And the last “ね” is a kind of words that shows agreement.
“ね” is a word that soften words that you say.

And once if you put it on the last of the sentence with “?” like “~ね?” it will be confirmation.
“~よね?” is the same meaning.

For example
“明日(ashita)は晴(ha)れですよね?” : “It wlll be sunny tomorrow, right?”
“あなたは先生(sensei)ですよね?” : “You are a teacher, right?”
“これはりんごですね?” : This is an apple, right?”

So Tufaha shows agreement and said like “Writing articles is tough, right?”

The next part, “頑張って” is a common Japanese phrase.
We use “頑張って” so much. Basically it means “Try hard” but it is not ordering or forcing.
Tufaha said “Try hard” to cheer up.

If you add “ね” at the last of the sentence it will be more soft way to tell “Try hard”.

おまけ | Extra Topic

Today’s Cool Japanese Words

Strike while the iron is hot.

Part2 is here

Part4is here


  1. […] Part3 is here […]

  2. […] Part3 is here […]

  3. […] is a kind of こそあど言葉(kotoba). This article will help you to understand […]

  4. […] You learned “それ” before right?And it changed into “そこ”. […]

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